Guide to F3

The Championship

2019 marks the launch of the FIA Formula 3 Championship, an entry point for young and ambitious drivers to join the Formula 1 circus, and to give them the chance to take the path to join their heroes in the main paddock.

With some of the world’s best racing teams on board, and the hottest young motor racing talents from across the globe filling their race seats, Formula 3 promises to be one of the most exciting championships in motorsport.

The Championship was designed to be the perfect driver training ground for both Formula 2 and, ultimately, Formula 1. The F3 2019 car features a naturally aspirated 3.4 litre bespoke Mecachrome 6 cylinder engine, which delivers 380 HP at 8000 rpm. Using the same chassis, engine and Pirelli tyres, our young drivers must showcase their skills both in speed and in managing tyres, just like they will have to do when they move up the motorsport ladder. With two races per weekend and reverse grids, these skills will prove crucial in the battle to become F3’s champion.

Every event on the calendar will be part of the Formula 1 support package, providing the drivers with first-hand experience of racing in the Grand Prix environment and gaining the much-coveted F1 exposure.

Our partnerships with some of the best brains in the motor sport business - such as Dallara and Pirelli - ensures our Championship is constantly evolving and, along with all of our other dedicated partners, creates a feeder category that remains ahead of the game and is technologically advanced while crucially remaining affordable.

The Championship benefits from the FIA’s excellence to scrutineer the cars and oversee the running of all Formula 3 events, while the Formula One Group’s unparalleled expertise in the broadcasting and marketing of the Championship ensures that it has truly global reach and appeal

As the FIA Formula 3 Championship begins, we are looking forward to watching the class of drivers battle it out on track - and we hope you are too!

The Car and Engine

Design Criteria

  • Aerodynamics optimized to facilitate overtaking. Very low ride height sensitivity and wide range of suspension set up possibilities.

  • Cost effective

  • Compliant to FIA F3 2019 safety rules

  • Static tests

  • Crash tests

  • Anti intrusion panels

  • Steel Halo

  • Wheel tether cables

Technology

  • Compromise between performance and cost effectiveness wherever possible

  • Extensive use of composite materials

  • Sequential gearbox

  • Electro-hydraulic gear shift system

  • All in one ECU- GCU – Data logger equipment

  • High speed data acquisition system but no telemetry

  • DRS

  • F1 type Virtual Safety Car & Marshalling system.

Chassis and Bodywork

  • Chassis designed by Dallara Automobili

  • Carbon Monocoque complying to FIA F3 2019 Safety standards

  • Front and rear wing made out of carbon composite material

Engine

  • Bespoke Mecachrome 6 cylinder 3.4 litres naturally aspirated 380 HP @ 8000 rpm

  • Fly by wire throttle system

Gearbox

  • Bespoke six-gear longitudinal gearbox designed by Hewland

  • Magneti Marelli electro-hydraulic command via paddle shift from steering wheel

Tyres

  • Pirelli tyres

  • Three specific compounds developed for F3 to provide the most suitable compound for every circuit

Performance

  • A top speed of 300 km/h

  • Lateral acceleration up to +/- 2.6 G

  • Maximum braking deceleration -1.9 G

  • Acceleration 0 – 100 km/h: 3.1 seconds

  • Acceleration 0 – 200km/h: 7.8 seconds

The Rules and Regulations

Each event weekend features one forty-five minute practice session and one thirty minute qualifying session, followed by two races.

The FIA Formula 3 Championship is a one-make category consisting of 30 identical cars. The F3 2019 machine features a naturally aspirated 3.4 litre bespoke Mecachrome 6 cylinder engine, which delivers 380 HP at 8000 rpm.

Formula 3 uses Pirelli PZero tyres in three specifications (hard, medium and soft). Each driver has four sets of dry-weather tyres and two sets of wet-weather tyres available at each event.

No individual developments or upgrades are permitted in the series, and all spare parts must be purchased directly from the F3 Championship. Repairs of structural components must be carried out by Dallara in order to ensure integrity.

Weekend Format

A race weekend features one forty-five minute practice session and one thirty minute qualifying session, followed by two races, with both races to be no longer than 40 minutes in total.

The qualifying session is a straight fight for fastest laptime, and determines the order of the grid for Race 1. Four points are awarded for pole position.

The distance of both races is established prior to each event. However, should 40 minutes elapse in the races before the designated number of laps the lead driver will be shown the chequered flag.

There are no mandatory pitstops and refuelling is not permitted at any time in the pit lane or on the grid.

Points

Four points are awarded for pole position.

The top ten drivers score points in Race 1 (25, 18, 15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, 1) with two points being awarded to the driver who set the fastest lap of the race.

In Race 2 the top ten finishers score points (15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1) and the driver who sets the fastest lap scores two points.

The point for fastest lap in both Race 1 and Race 2 will only be awarded to a driver who finishes in the top 10, and who has started the race from the grid.

Race two grid explained

The first ten finishers in race one will start race two in reverse order, cars finishing in 9th position and downwards will start in their finishing position.

By way of illustration:

Race one / Race two

Driver’s Finishing Position / Driver’s Starting Position

1st / 10th

2nd / 9th

3rd / 8th

4th / 7th

5th / 6th

6th / 5th

7th / 4th

8th / 3rd

9th / 2nd

10th / 1st

11th/ 11th and so on

Drivers

All drivers participating in the Championship must hold a Grade A or B International FIA Licence.

DRS

The drivers are able to use the Drag Reduction System (DRS) as they wish within the designated DRS zones during free practice and qualifying. During both races however, the drivers will only be allowed to activate DRS within the designated zones when they are within less than a second of the car in front at the detection point.

During the race, the DRS is available for use after two laps unless decided otherwise by the race director due to poor weather conditions or yellow flags in the designated DRS zones.

The DRS zones will be the same as the ones used in Formula One on every circuit of the calendar.

The same safety rules apply: the DRS is disabled at the end of the designated zones, and if the driver uses the brakes or releases the throttle after activation.

The FIA

The FIA is the governing body of world motor sport - it regulates and adjudicates on hundreds of events in a huge variety of series each year. Across the disciplines of single-seaters, endurance racing, rallies, the brand new arena of electric and new energy championships, and the huge number of regional and grassroots events around the world, the FIA’s passion for motor sport and its dedication to ensuring fair play and safety for all competitors are undiminished.

Confirmed in March 2018, the new FIA Formula 3 Championship is the third tier of the single-seater pyramid, which has been designed to create a clear path for drivers from karting to FIA Formula 4, FIA Formula 3, FIA Formula 2 and finally the FIA Formula One World Championship. This system not only benefits competitors but is also more engaging and easily accessible to fans. The FIA governs F3’s technical and sporting regulations, and appoints the FIA officials who ensure that those regulations are adhered to at all times. It also maintains the highest safety standards of the cars and circuits and provides a driver briefing specific to the discipline.

Jean Todt, FIA President "I am delighted to welcome you to the second season of the FIA Formula 3 Championship. It has always been a great pleasure to see the careers of aspiring young drivers unfolding in the intense environment of some of Europe’s most iconic circuits. We only have to look at the journey taken by many Formula 1 World Champions past and present to appreciate the importance of the category, and to know how crucial it is that we nurture its development.

"Since 2019 the FIA Formula 3 Championship has joined the same platform as Formula 2 and Formula 1. Having the top three tiers of FIA single-seater competition together at the same events is an important part of the learning process and will make it easier than ever for fans to follow the careers of the sport’s rising stars and see the dramatic journey towards Formula One unfold. The potent combination of burgeoning young talent, a car that encourages closer racing, and a hugely competitive and educational environment where drivers can shine in front of the world’s foremost race teams is truly compelling.

"The FIA has long been committed to creating a logical pyramid for its single-seater championships. In recent years we have seen the carefully prepared foundations develop into a thriving system which is already producing a wealth of gifted young drivers who will undoubtedly become the stars of the future. To give clear direction to the large number of budding racers coming out of the FIA karting series, we have established a hugely successful programme of FIA Formula 4 championships in 11 countries or zones around the world.

"From there, the top drivers can progress to FIA Formula 3 via the interim step of the FIA Formula Regional Championships in the US, Europe, Asia and Japan.

"I wish everyone a safe and enjoyable 2020 season of the FIA Formula 3 Championship."

AFRICA Sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa - SuperSport

AMERICAS Canada – Bell Media (TSN) Pan Latin America – Fox Sports USA – ESPN

ASIA PACIFIC Australia - Fox Sports Australia China – Tencent
New Zealand - Spark Sport Channel

EUROPE Bosnia/Kosovo/Serbia/Montenegro - SportKlub Belgium – Telenet Croatia - Arena Sports, SBTV Czech Republic & Slovakia – AMC Networks Denmark, Norway & Sweden - Nordic Entertainment Group Limited Germany - Sky Deutschland Finland - C More France – Canal Plus Hungary – M4 Italy – Sky Sports Malta – TSN Netherlands – Ziggo Sport Poland - Eleven Sport & Polsat Portugal - Eleven Sports Romania – Digisport/Look Plus/Look Sport/Telkom Sport Russia – Match! Strana/Match! Arena Slovenia - TV3 Spain – F1 Channel (Movistar) United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland- Sky Sports UK

WATCH US ON F1TV https://f1tv.formula1.com/en/content-schedule